All sectors of modern economies are affected by the development of satellite navigation technologies. Satellite navigation is becoming more and more part of the daily life of European citizens, present in their cars and portable telephones.
Applications span a large range of sectors, not only in transport and communication but also in markets such as land survey, agriculture, scientific research, tourism and others. Receivers are now found in all kinds of electronic devices for everyday use, such as mobile phones, personal digital assistants, cameras, portable laptops and even wristwatches. Vehicles are increasingly being sold with navigation equipment already incorporated into the dashboard. EGNOS-enabled receivers and devices are available for many of these markets.
To further develop the market for EGNOS, successful tests have been conducted by EU-funded projects using performance trials and operational applications. Below are some of the areas in which these projects have been conducting tests.
EGNOS for Aviation : the experience of a rotorcraft manufacturer and a general aviation aircraft owner
A number of key steps, including certification, are required to start using EGNOS-based landing procedures in aviation, the so-called LPV approaches. Two experts speak about these and other issues in the drive to put EGNOS to work for aviation.
For farmers, EGNOS provides high precision for a low cost. Precision agriculture techniques include the use of satellite navigation sensors, aerial images and other tools that help farmers increase their productivity, save money and reduce their impact on the environment. The use of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) is well established in the agricultural sector, and EGNOS-enabled receivers are available on the market.
EGNOS is a key tool for better managing land transport in Europe, increasing both capacity and safety, whether by road or rail. Improved positioning accuracy helps companies enhance their transport logistical operations. Public operations, such as police and emergency services, can use EGNOS to improve the speed of their responses in critical situations. EGNOS can also be used for electronic tolling services.
EGNOS will improve navigation at sea and of inland waterways. It can be used for port operations, traffic control, casualty analysis, offshore exploration and fisheries management.
The HARMLESS project conducted three successful tests demonstrating the use of EGNOS for emergency situations using location-based services. In 2007 the project partners demonstrated the use of EGNOS for managing fire fighters and vehicles during a forest fire. The HARMLESS test in Spain was conducted by the country’s Ingeniería y Servicios Aeroespaciales (INSA) with the support of Madrid's regional government.
EGNOS can and, in the future, Galileo will provide continuous and highly reliable positioning service - helping increase the competitiveness of rail among other modes of transportation. Currently GNSS in European rail is primarily used within non-Safety of Life applications, including asset management and passenger information services. However, the latest technological developments show that augmented GNSS, together with specific sensors, can help satisfy the stringent CENELEC Safety and Integrity Level requirements.